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Eight Great New Books on Urban Planning

November 14, 2013 Books, Featured, Planning & Design 10 Comments

Book publishers have been busy this year, here are eight books I received that expand and illustrate the latest efforts of planners to design cities & suburbs for people, not just their cars.

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Charter of the New Urbanism, 2nd Edition, edited by Emily Talen

Thoroughly updated to cover the latest environmental, economic, and social implications of urban design, Charter of the New Urbanism, Second Edition features insightful writing from 62 authors on each of the Charter’s principles. Featuring new photos and illustrations, it is an invaluable resource for design professionals, developers, planners, elected officials, and citizen activists. Real-world case studies, plans, and examples are included throughout.

My take: An important update to the 1999 original. A must-read for advocates & critics of New Urbanism.

City-Rules-cover

City Rules: How Regulations Affect Urban Form by Emily Talen

Many planners look down on zoning and think of it more as limiting rather than enabling. While the initial intentions behind zoning were noble and egalitarian, zoning became a huge disappointment in many cities, failing to either protect the public good, promote public health, or keep nuisances away from people. These discrepancies between zoning intentions and its outcomes have become subjects of heated debate among planners and policymakers. For example, how does top-down zoning stack up against the virtues of self-regulating voluntary cities? Does Houston’s model of land development, regulation based solely on the inner workings of the private market, exemplify a more efficient, democratic, and egalitarian planning mechanism compared to the growth boundaries and zoning laws of Portland, Oregon? How has zoning affected residents’ quality of life? And, can we conclude that zoning regulations have become instruments for snobbism and exclusion? Against the backdrop of these questions and debates, City Rules: How Regulations Affect Urban Form critically examines zoning and explores why it has sometimes harmed more than helped cities.

My take: This book has long been needed to show the unintended consequences of use-based “Euclidean” zoning, how we need to change our regulations to achieve a more desirable outcome.

designing-suburban-futures-cover

Designing Suburban Futures: New Models From Build A Better Burb by June Williamson

Suburbs deserve a better, more resilient future. June Williamson shows that suburbs aren’t destined to remain filled with strip malls and excess parking lots; they can be reinvigorated through inventive design. Drawing on award-winning design ideas for revitalizing Long Island, she offers valuable models not only for U.S. suburbs, but also those emerging elsewhere with global urbanization.

Williamson argues that suburbia has historically been a site of great experimentation and is currently primed for exciting changes. Today, dead malls, aging office parks, and blighted apartment complexes are being retrofitted into walkable, sustainable communities. Williamson shows how to expand this trend, highlighting promising design strategies and tactics.

My take: Excellent color color illustrations show how to design better suburbs, without trying to make them into Manhattan.  A great design resource!

goodcities-betterlives-cover

Good Cities, Better Lives: How Europe Discovered the Lost Art of Urbanism by Peter Hall

The book is in three parts. Part 1 analyses the main issues for urban planning and development – in economic development and job generation, sustainable development, housing policy, transport and development mechanisms – and probes how practice in the UK has fallen short.

Part Two embarks on a tour of best-practice cities in Europe, starting in Germany with the country’s boosting of its cities’ economies, moving to the spectacularly successful new housing developments in the Netherlands, from there to France’s integrated city transport, then to Scandinavia’s pursuit of sustainability for its cities, and finally back to Germany, to Freiburg – the city that ‘did it all’.

Part Three sums up the lessons of Part Two and sets out the key steps needed to launch a new wave of urban development and regeneration on a radically different basis.

My take: Hall takes a complex problem and breaks it down into manageable lessons.

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Green Cities of Europe: Global Lessons on Green Urbanism, edited by Timothy Beatley

Timothy Beatley has brought together leading experts from Paris, Freiburg, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Heidelberg, Venice, Vitoria-Gasteiz, and London to illustrate groundbreaking practices in sustainable urban planning and design. These cities are developing strong urban cores, building pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure, and improving public transit. They are incorporating ecological design and planning concepts, from solar energy to natural drainage and community gardens. And they are changing the way government works, instituting municipal “green audits” and reforming economic incentives to encourage sustainability.

My take: Contributors look at 7 European cities, then Beatley draws conclusions. I’ve not yet visited Europe so I don’t have personal experience to draw from, but now I want to go more than ever.

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The Nature of Urban Design: A New York Perspective On Resilience by Alexander Washburn

In this visually rich book, Alexandros Washburn, Chief Urban Designer of the New York Department of City Planning, redefines urban design. His book empowers urbanites and lays the foundations for a new approach to design that will help cities to prosper in an uncertain future. He asks his readers to consider how cities shape communities, for it is the strength of our communities, he argues, that will determine how we respond to crises like Hurricane Sandy, whose floodwaters he watched from his home in Red Hook, Brooklyn.

My take: Washburn helps the reader look at the city differently, and care about its future. His approach works regardless of your city.

principals-urban-retail-cover

Principles of Urban Retail: Planning and Development by Robert J. Gibbs

The retail environment has evolved rapidly in the past few decades, with the retailing industry and its placement and design of “brick-and-mortar” locations changing with evolving demographics, shopping behavior, transportation options and a desire in recent years for more unique shopping environments.

Written by a leading expert, this is a guide to planning for retail development for urban planners, urban designers and architects. It includes an overview of history of retail design, a look at retail and merchandising trends, and principles for current retail developments.

My take: St. Louis planners, aldermen, retail developers, and urban naysayers need to study this book cover to cover!

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The Urban Masterplanning Handbook by Eric Firley & Katharina Groen

A highly illustrated reference tool, this handbook provides comparative visual analysis of major urban extensions and masterplans around the world. It places an important new emphasis on the processes and structures that influence urban form, highlighting the significant impact that public or private landownership, management and funding might have on shaping a particular project. Each of the book’s 20 subjects is rigorously analysed through original diagrams, scale drawings and descriptive texts, which are complemented by key statistics and colour photography. The case studies are presented in order of size rather than date or geographical location. This offers design professionals, developers and city planners, as well as students of architecture and urban design informed organisational and formal comparisons, leading to intriguing insights.

My take: Wow, so much useful information is packed into this book, presented in a way to make it easily accessible.

— Steve Patterson

 

 

 

 

 

 

Currently there are "10 comments" on this Article:

  1. gmichaud says:

    Thanks for the reviews, It is helpful to see what is out there, I’m not sure where you are gathering these titles from, but I will try to look a few of them up. Going back to your Sesame Street segment, children may become aware of cities, but our educational system abandons any discussion of the very cities we live in and the impact our daily lives.

     
    • JZ71 says:

      The segment of the population that really needs to be educated about good / better / proper urban design principles is our elected officials. They’re the ones that pass the laws, grant the exemptions and have the ability and the resources to actually directly impact our built environment. They can demand better, they can implement incremental changes and they can provide financial incentives. They can also demand little, fall for the developers pleas of hardship and work hard to steal business and taxes from their neighbors.

       
      • moe says:

        Why do architects get a pass? It’s their responsibility to present to the owners ideas, etc. not just 4 walls and a roof. And looking at the many projects here in the City, the County and many other towns I’ve been too, if they are taught this, it’s forgotten right as soon as they leave the classroom.
        GM….check out the textbook isle of the local Universities. It’s amazing the stuff one will find…and they’re so much better than reading a romance novel.

         
        • JZ71 says:

          Architects don’t get a pass, and neither do owners. My point is/was that politicians set the minimums, and the minimums around here are both not very high and are “flexible” – if you, as a developer / “new” business, want to avoid doing something “urban” it’s pretty easy to do so. Politicians need to have the spine to hire professional staff and to support them when it comes to enforcing design standards. Architects can (and do) “present ideas” to our clients, but many are only interested in the minimum. We rely on the government side to enforce consistent, reasonable standards. Our commercial clients want “a level playing field”, and will, many times, only do what the competition has able to get away with in the past.

           
          • So clients must educate themselves on good urban design? Isn’t that why they hire design professionals?

             
          • JZ71 says:

            Many clients could care less about good urban design. What they really want is the cheapest, suburban-scale solution, with the minimum amount of landscaping the jurisdiction requires. They want big signs and multiple curb cuts, they could care less about sidewalks, public transit or bicycles. The don’t want windows to display merchandise or nuanced facades, they just want a set of plans that will get them a permit. For the small fees design professionals receive from clients like these, “educating” them really isn’t part of the equation – give them what they want and move on, hopefully to more challenging and rewarding commissions.

             
          • moe says:

            educating them isn’t really part of the equation….and that is the problem. We have that thing called property rights. Business owners say there is too much government as it is. And if your government is too difficult to work with, I’ll just go next door and get a tax credit in the process. If I want to put in a retail shop, show my why I should spend more on something ‘pedestrian’ or ‘urban’ or ‘welcoming’. I want 4 walls, a roof, and a door at the cheapest price. Who’s going to educate me on why I should spend more, who’s going to educate me on ADA, who’s going to educate me as to why pedestrians are important… These aren’t just St. Louis issues, but issues every city faces. So again…if education isn’t part of the equation, that’s the problem.

             
          • JZ71 says:

            Most businesses are focused on the bottom line, keeping their share holders happy. That’s why we’ve sent 90% of our industrial production offshore and that’s why we create disposable architecture. The value in a fast-food restaurant or a big box store or a casino is not in the structure or even the site, it’s in the revenue that the combination will produce, this week, this month, this quarter. And with Americans’ preference for the newest and the shiniest, new sells and new usually succeeds better than “old”.

             
          • Except that big box retailers like Walmart, Target, etc are creating new urban formats in order to compete with others. http://www.costar.com/News/Article/Wal-Mart-Target-Roll-Out-Smaller-Urban-Store-Formats-to-Do-Battle-with-Dollar-Drug-Store-Rivals/152876

             
          • JZ71 says:

            Yes they are, but they’re also rolling them out only in very limited, specialized circumstances. For every “new urban format” they’re creating, they’re still doing, what, 30, 50 or 100 of their mundane, non-urban formats. IF (and that’s a big if) there were the density and the demand. downtown, for new chain retail, then we’d be seeing it happen . . . . but we’re not! I’ll repeat, it’s not because we’re lacking available or appropriate space, we’re lacking demand / a market. Macy’s was the latest retailer to pull out – if Dollar Tree or Family Dollar would consider an “urban format”, they might succeed, but there simply doesn’t seem to be enough demand, from downtown reisdents, workers and visitors, to justify the investment required to open a typical, middle-income-demographic store downtown.

             

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